Which operating systems are common in cloud data centers ?

Which operating systems are common in cloud data centers ?

Huge corporations with thousands of skilled developers used to be the exclusive domain of hyper-scale cloud orchestration systems (Google, Netflix, Face book, Twitter). As a result, a slew of non-standard bespoke tools was designed and produced for the same business. This isn’t the case anymore. The term “DevOps” refers to the integration of architecture and operations, and it is now guiding the development of standardized hyper-scale orchestration software that can be used and used by single developers or small teams. Orchestration encompasses the entire range of problems that DevOps practitioners tackle. This means there are many tools that do many different things, with many overlapping features.

Which operating systems are common in cloud data centers ?

Platforms

Atlas

Compatibility: Linux, Docker, VM

Atlas by Hashicorp is a platform that streamlines the creation to production process. Atlas is a forum that puts together Hashicorp’s other instruments, such as Vagrant, Packer, Terraform, and Consul. Packer allows immutable golden image deployments; Terraform configures and deploys Packer images into output, and Consul Enable’s operation exploration.

CoreOS

Compatibility: Linux, Docker, Rocket

Core OS is a stripped-down Linux distribution that focuses on infrastructure primitives for deploying and running Docker services in the real world. etcd and fleet are the two main primitives. Etc is a distributed key-value store that makes it easy to search and customise resources. By approving service configuration files that will be queued for execution into a CoreOS cluster, Fleet abstracts distributed Docker deployments.

Docker

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Docker is the latest standard for Linux utilities and software that are portable. It is based on Linux kernel container primitives, which are abstracted into a user-friendly API. It enables you to build an independent container for your service that functions as a lightweight virtual machine with the same kernel as the host OS. This container can be converted into an image and distributed to anybody who runs Linux. On top of Docker, the Docker corporation offers orchestration applications like Machine, Compose, and Swarm.

Flynn

Compatibilty: Linux, Docker

Flynn is a Docker-based multi-host open source PAAS. Flynn is made up of two layers: Layer 0 is a low-level scheduling and service discovery platform, while Layer 1 is a collection of higher-level modules that make all stateful networks and 12 factor frameworks easier to implement and manage.

HybridCluster

HybridCluster is a cloud computing stack designed to manage large-scale web applications, with high availability, auto scaling, and ZFS storage built in. It actually supports running LAMP applications that haven’t been updated. AwesomeProxy, Flex Containers, ZFS, and Control & Management software make up HybridCluster, which allows for heartbeats and duplication through HybridCluster machines.

Hyper

Compatibility: Linux, Mac OS X

Hyper is a set of Linux kernel, init process, and management tools that can virtualize containers to improve their isolation and management in multi-tenant applications by removing the need for a guest OS and all of the components that comes with it. Hyper creates isolated environments (virtual machines) on which portable environments (containers) can be scheduled with ease.

Kubernetes

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Kubernetes is a Docker service setup and scheduling platform. It allows you to organise Docker containers into clusters of interacting resources, which it then intelligently schedules into a cluster of devices, taking into account resource density, redundancy, and service grouping. It can be built on current Linux distros or run on Google Container Engine.

Matrix AI

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Matrix AI is a cloud and Internet of Things (IoT) operating system that strives to be self-healing, self-organizing, and adaptable. It represents infrastructure as a dynamically reactive topology that can be directly managed using the Architect language’s infrastructural form scheme.

Mesosphere

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Mesosphere DCOS (Data Center Operating System) organises all of the computers into a common pool of pooled capital using Mesos, an open source distributed cluster scheduler, and a number of data centre facilities.

Mirage OS

Compatibility: Xen, OCaml

Mirage OS is a library operating system that lets you create networked services in the form of UniKernels that can run on the Xen hypervisor. UniKernels are similar to Docker containers except that they are more stable and do not need a host OS because they have their own kernel.

NixOS

Compatibility: Linux

NixOS is a Linux distribution that is solely usable. It helps you to atomically define changes to the operating system by offering a declarative pure functional way of defining operating system state. Puppet, Chef, Ansible, and CFEngine are all configuration management software that have been replaced by Nix. NixOS clusters can be handled in a clustered manner using NixOps or Disnix.

Project Atomic

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Project Atomic is a set of resources for running Docker services on Redhat distributions (Fedora, CentOS, RHEL). Its benefits include atomic updates and SELinux-based stable containers.

RancherOS

Compatibilty: Linux, Docker

RancherOS is most closely related to CoreOS, with the exception that it runs all but the kernel using Docker.

SmartOS

Compatibilty: Open Solaris, KVM, Zones

SmartOS is a hypervisor built on OpenSolaris that can be used to build highly scalable cloud systems. ZFS, DTrace, Regions, and KVM are also used. The OpenSolaris equivalent of Docker containers is Zones.

Snappy Ubuntu

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Snappy Ubuntu Core is a modern version of Ubuntu with transactional upgrades – a stripped-down server picture with the same libraries as today’s Ubuntu, along with applications delivered by a simple web interface.

Vmware-Photon

Compatibility: Linux, Docker

Photon is a technology preview of a minimal Linux container host. It is designed to have a small footprint and boot extremely quickly on VMware platforms. Photon™ is intended to invite collaboration around running containerized applications in a virtualized environment.

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